NGRBC – Everything you should know about these Important Guidelines

Jan 9, 2024
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Learn about the NGRBC, what it is, its importance, principles and more.

Have you heard of the National Guidelines on Responsible Business Conduct? Better known as NGRBC, they are guidelines that play an important role in India's journey towards corporate responsibility and sustainability. The NGRBC guidelines are designed for a particular purpose. Namely, to help companies in India be better at their jobs. They show businesses how to care about the world and everyone in it. In this article, we will talk about what the NGRBC are, when it started, and why it's a big deal for companies in India.

We'll take a look at the core components and nine principles of the NGRBC. These rules are fundamental for companies to use. They connect to concepts like BRSR, and ESG. BRSR is about companies sharing how they help the planet and people and ESG focuses on taking care of the environment, treating people well, and running a business the right way. The NGRBC helps companies do all this better. Let's find out how these guidelines make a difference and why they matter.

Get to know more about NGRBC and its importance.

What is NGRBC?

NGRBC, short for the National Guidelines for Responsible Business Conduct, is like a guidebook for Indian companies to be better citizens of the world. It's a refreshed version of earlier guidelines from 2011, now packed with new thinking about how businesses should respect people's rights and aim for goals like those set by the United Nations.

Think of the NGRBC as a list of nine golden rules for companies. These rules are all about honesty, clarity, and being responsible. They're a blueprint for making stuff that's safe and eco-friendly, and they remind companies to treat their employees well and play fair. It's not just about making money; it's about considering the impact on other people and our planet. The NGRBC also encourage companies to be open about how they talk to the government and to strive for growth that benefits everyone, not just a few.

Importance of NGRBC

Why are these guidelines a big deal? Well, they help companies focus on what's called ESG – that's Environmental, Social, and Governance stuff. This is all about looking after the earth, treating people right, and running a business in a smart, ethical way. Plus, India's Securities and Exchange Board (SEBI) has stepped in, asking big companies to regularly share how well they're sticking to these rules. This sharing is known as Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting (BRSR), and it's a way for companies to show they're committed to each of the NGRBC's nine principles.

So, what should companies do to keep up with the NGRBC? First, they need to take a good look at how they're doing things now and find places to improve. Then, they should lay out a plan to adopt these guidelines and track their progress, sharing their journey with others. It's also key to listen and collaborate with different people affected by their business.

In essence, the NGRBC are all about making sure companies in India do right by their workers, the wider community, and our planet. Following these guidelines isn't just about following rules; it's about being a force for good and helping build a better world.

Key Terms You'll Find in the NGRBC Guidelines

The NGRBC are a set of guidelines introduced by India's Ministry of Corporate Affairs on March 15, 2019, steering companies towards responsible business practices. It's essential to understand the key terms associated with the NGRBC. This makes it easier to appreciate how it influences companies to adopt sustainable practices and align with global ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) standards.

Key Terms Explained


The National Guidelines for Responsible Business Conduct outline principles for Indian companies to follow, ensuring they operate ethically, sustainably, and in a socially responsible manner.

BRSR (Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting)

BRSR is a reporting framework under the NGRBC that requires companies to disclose their ESG initiatives and impacts, ensuring transparency and accountability in their sustainable practices.

ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance)

These are the three critical areas of focus in the NGRBC, guiding companies to manage their environmental impact, social responsibilities, and governance practices effectively.


This term in the NGRBC context refers to business practices that are environmentally sound, socially responsible, and economically viable, aiming to ensure long-term business success and societal well-being.

ESG Reporting

ESG Reporting, encouraged by the NGRBC, involves companies providing detailed accounts of their environmental, social, and governance performance, contributing to transparent and responsible business practices.

Ethical Business Practices

This term emphasizes the need for companies to conduct their operations and activities ethically, adhering to moral principles and standards.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

Though not directly a part of the NGRBC, CSR is closely related and refers to a company's initiatives to assess and take responsibility for its effects on environmental and social well-being.

Stakeholder Engagement

The NGRBC emphasizes the importance of companies engaging with and considering the interests of their stakeholders, including employees, customers, suppliers, and the community.

Understanding these terms is crucial for businesses and individuals looking to align with the NGRBC's principles. By embracing these concepts, companies can significantly contribute to sustainable development and ESG goals, ensuring their operations benefit society and the environment. The NGRBC sets a benchmark for responsible business conduct, encouraging companies to be more transparent and accountable, as well as ethical, in their practices.

Get some insight into the 9 principles of the NGRBC.

Breaking Down the 9 Principles of the NGRBC

In today's world, businesses are expected to do more than just make profits. They have a responsibility to their employees, customers, society, and the planet. This is where the guiding principles for responsible business come into play. These principles outline how companies should operate to be ethical, sustainable, and beneficial to all. Let's dive into these core principles that shape modern businesses.

1. Integrity and Accountability

Businesses must uphold ethical standards in all their activities, from operations to decision-making processes. They play a crucial role in society and are responsible for transparently reporting their performance, especially regarding economic, social, and environmental responsibilities.

2. Sustainable and Safe Products

Companies need to prioritize the safety and sustainability of their products. From the design stage to disposal, minimizing negative environmental and social impacts is essential. This includes efficient use of resources and understanding sustainability issues throughout the product's lifecycle.

3. Employee Well-being

Firms should ensure fair and dignified treatment for all employees, fostering a diverse and inclusive environment. This extends to the welfare of their families, ensuring equity and decent working conditions without discrimination.

4. Stakeholder Responsiveness

Recognizing their role in a broader ecosystem, businesses must be mindful of their impact on various stakeholders, including shareholders, investors, and the environment. They must enhance positive outcomes while reducing any negative effects of their operations and practices.

5. Human Rights Advocacy

This principle underscores the universal nature of human rights, adhering to non-discrimination and being guided by the Constitution of India and international norms. Businesses must respect these rights, in line with the State's obligation to protect and uphold them.

6. Environmental Responsibility

Addressing environmental challenges at local, regional, and global levels, businesses are encouraged to adopt practices that reduce their ecological footprint. This includes adhering to the Precautionary Principle and actively working to protect and restore the environment.

7. Ethical Policy Engagement

When interacting with public and regulatory policies, businesses should act responsibly and transparently. They have a legitimate role in shaping policies for the public good, operating within legal and ethical boundaries.

8. Inclusive and Equitable Growth

Businesses should contribute to tackling social and economic challenges, aligning their goals with national priorities and government policies. Collaboration with government agencies and civil society is crucial, especially in areas facing social unrest and developmental issues.

9. Consumer Engagement and Value

The central goal of businesses is to offer safe, high-quality, and responsibly priced products and services. Recognizing consumer choice, companies should strive to mitigate the negative impacts of excessive consumption, enhancing individual and societal well-being.

In Summary

These principles form the backbone of responsible business conduct, intertwining business success with sustainability, ESG reporting, and the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. The implementation of these principles, as outlined by the government of India, paves the way for businesses to contribute positively to society and the environment.

How Businesses Can Embrace Responsible Practices

In the world of business, talking the talk is one thing, but walking the walk is where it counts. Embracing responsible business practices isn't just a one-off task; it's a journey that involves every part of a company. From the top brass to the newest recruit, everyone has a role in weaving this set of guidelines and principles into the fabric of their daily work. Let's break down the key steps businesses need to take to make this happen:

Commitment at the Top Level

The journey begins with a commitment from the company's leadership. Top executives and the board of directors should actively endorse these principles. This commitment should be communicated throughout the organization.

Policy Development

Develop policies that reflect these principles. This includes creating guidelines for ethical behavior, sustainability, human rights, and stakeholder engagement. These policies should be integrated into all aspects of the business, from operations to decision-making.

Training and Awareness

Employees at all levels should be trained and made aware of these principles. Regular workshops and educational programs can help embed these values into the company culture.

Integration into Business Processes

Integrate these principles into everyday business processes. This could mean adjusting supply chain management, product development, and customer service protocols to align with these guidelines.

Stakeholder Engagement

Actively engage with stakeholders, including employees, customers, suppliers, and the community. This involves listening to their concerns, expectations, and feedback and incorporating them into business practices.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Establish metrics and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to measure adherence to these principles. Regular monitoring and evaluation can help identify areas for improvement.

Reporting and Transparency

Be transparent in reporting the company's performance in relation to these principles. This could be through sustainability reports, ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) reports, or regular updates to stakeholders.

Continuous Improvement

Treat the adoption of these principles as a continuous journey. Regularly review practices and policies and be open to making changes for further improvement.

Align with Legal and Ethical Standards

Ensure that all business practices comply with local, national, and international laws and ethical standards. This includes adhering to regulations related to labor laws, environmental protection, and corporate governance.

Community Involvement and Social Responsibility

Get involved in community initiatives and take active steps towards corporate social responsibility. This can help build a positive brand image and strengthen relationships with the community.

By taking these steps, businesses can successfully incorporate these guiding principles into their operations, fostering a culture of responsibility, sustainability, and ethical practices.

Incorporating NGRBC Principles with Report Yak's Expertise

As we've explored, the NGRBC are a game-changer for businesses in India, steering them toward a more responsible, ethical, and sustainable future. For an in-depth look at what these guidelines entail, click the link to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs page.

The journey to adopting and implementing these principles, in line with GRI standards and UN SDGs, is not just a necessity but a strategic move for any forward-thinking business. It requires a concerted effort on a mandatory basis, ensuring businesses engage with their stakeholders effectively and report their progress transparently.

This is where Report Yak, a leading report design agency based in India, comes into play. Specializing in crafting comprehensive and visually appealing corporate reports, including ESG and Sustainability reports for every industry, Report Yak is your go-to partner in this journey. We specialize in aligning reports with the NGRBC and BRSR requirements. This ensures your business adheres to these standards and compellingly showcases its commitment to sustainability and responsible practices.

So, if your business is ready to embark on this crucial path of adopting the NGRBC principles, and you're looking for a partner to help articulate your efforts in sustainability and ESG reporting, reach out to Report Yak. 

Report Yak's team can make your commitment to these principles shine. We ensure that your reports embody the NGRBC spirit and connect with stakeholders. Let us be your guide on this sustainable journey. You can contact us on 1800 121 5955 (India), or email us at We’re also available on WhatsApp